Jessica Villejoint Prof. Alvarez
6/9/2011 Eng 363
The third degree narrative is one that is embedded in a second- degree narrative ect. Meaning the third degree narrative is the surrounding of the second degree narrative. It is an extra idea of the second degree narrative. In the story “She Lived in a Story” by Guillermo Samperio, Ofelia is the third degree narrative. The quote “I write that he writes a story that I live in” (Samperia 60) shows that Ofelia is aware that the author Segovia (the author who is also in the story) is writing a story that is about her life. This means that Segovia is the second degree narrator. Segovia is the second degree narrative because in the story he is the author writing about a story. The fact that he is writing about Ofelia makes her character the last degree narrative subject of the whole story. The title “She Lived in a Story” itself explains that the female character is the one whose life is being targeted and watched by a person, and that person would be the second degree narrator with the information. Which means the title explains the quote. The quote explains that she knows that she is the third degree narrative because she is the one who the author in then story is focusing on. The quote proves that she is aware that he (Segovia the author) is the main subject of the story and she comes after. The fact that she knows that she is the last degree narrator, makes the story more interesting. Their isn’t many stories with quotes indicating that the second degree narrator knows that they are being watched by another person. The narrative levels are a good way to narrow down the position of each narrators in a story. Some stories only has one narrator, but some stories such as “She Lived In A Story” has more than one narrator and this is a helpful way to narrow them down. To have less confusion look at the narrators as levels because that way it be less confusing.
A matrix narrative is something within which something else originates. It comes from a Latin word meaning (mother, womb), which means the creator of the whole story. Without the matrix narrative the story wouldn’t exist. In this case the story “She Lived in a Story” the matrix would be Segovia. The quote “To live in a text” (Samperio 55) Segovia is saying to himself that he has to write a story that his readers can relate to. This quote shows that Segovia is going to be the creator of the story that he is going to write. Segovia wanted to write a story that seems surreal. He wanted to build a story that is real and well- structured, and to do that he had to make a story based on someone’s life. In the story Segovia was the one who came up with all the ideas to make a marvelous story, which makes him the original creator. He came up with the idea of making his story based on Ofelia’s life. He said the words “To live in a text” twice to himself, that’s where he came up with the idea to name the story “She Live in a Text”. He figured a women living in his story would be the best fit. Segovia is the matrix narrator because he is the master creator of the whole story, whatever he says goes. The general frame work is Samperio, because he is not a character in the story, nobody created him and he is actually the creator of the whole story, he is the one that created Segovia. Since Segovia is a character in the story, he is the matrix/ 2nd narrative in the story.
Samperio, Guillermo. “She Lived in a story.” Ed. Reginald Gibbons. TriQuarterly: New Writing From Mexico 1992: 54-62. Print.